9th AF Patch

416th Bombardment Group (L)

Mission # 168 -- December 9, 1944, Saturday AM

Saarwellingen, Germany

Defended Village



Previous Mission # 167            Mission List            Next Mission # 169

Return to Table of Contents

Summary of Operations

Field Order        : 85-662
OpRep #            : 250
Nature of Mission  : Bombing
Mission Status     : Attacked
Bombing Altitude   : 13,800 feet
Take-off Time      : 0912
Time Over Target   : 1040
Landing Time       : 1245
Duration (Hrs:Min) : 3:33

Place of Take-Off  : A-55 Melun/Villaroche, France
A/C Dispatched     : 39 Total -- 9 A-20J's & K's, 29 A-26B's, 1 B-26 (PFF)
Illustration       : G.S.G.S. 4414, SHEET NO. 6606
Illustration Ref   : 327846
Secondary Target   : No Alternate Targets Authorized
Summary of Results : Unobserved - 10/10's over target area.

Primary Target Latitude/Longitude: 49.35238,6.80622 (49° 21' 9" N, 6° 48' 22" E)
(Latitude/Longitude based on Google Maps, Selected Town Center - Saarwellingen, Germany)
(See Latitude/Longitude Coordinates and Target Identifiers for more information.)


Route Map

Loading List 1

Loading List 1,  Box I

Loading List 2

Loading List 2,  Box II with Three Additional Window Mission Aircraft

filed order

Field Order 85-662

Mission Loading Lists Transcription

Mission # 168 -- December 9, 1944, Saturday AM
Saarwellingen, Germany -- Defended Village

Included are Box, Flight and Position; Bomb Squadron; Aircraft Serial Number, Fuselage Code and Model; and Crew Members
transcribed from individual mission Loading List documents by Chris and Mary Adams and Carl Sgamboti.
Some information, such as Squadron, Serial Number, etc. has been expanded from other documents.

Box I -- Flight I
  1  671st                   
  44-106  5C-E  A-20K
  Lt Col Willetts, D.L.
  Lt Royalty, P.G.
  S/Sgt Brown, R.J.
  S/Sgt Fessler, H.S.
  2  669th                   
  44-178  2A-L  A-20K
  Capt Morton, R.J.
  Lt Moore, D.L.
  S/Sgt Carstens, R.W.
  S/Sgt Sharp, R.P.
  3  671st                   
  41-39210  5C-J  A-26B
  Lt Jokinen, W.R.
  Cpl McNellis, D.E.

Box I -- Flight II
  1  670th                   
  44-076  F6-Q  A-20K
  Capt Peck, W.A.
  Lt Madenfort, J.
  S/Sgt Burland, A.J.
  S/Sgt Heath, K.
  2  669th                   
  41-39241  2A-F  A-26B
  Lt Tripp, W.F.
  S/Sgt Mallory, D.F.
  3  669th                   
  41-39271  2A-R  A-26B
  Lt Smith, J.F.
  S/Sgt Melchoir, F.E.
  4  669th                   
  41-39242  2A-Q  A-26B
  Lt Greene, W.J.
  S/Sgt Holloway, R.G.
  5  669th                   
  41-39244  2A-I  A-26B
  Lt Hackley, R.H.
  Cpl Koons, H.A.
  6  669th                   
  41-39252  2A-D  A-26B
  Lt Martin, E.C.
  Cpl Draft, L.B.

Box I -- Flight III
  1  669th                   
  43-22024  2A-E  A-20J
  Capt Stebbins, B.D.
  Lt Calloway, A.S.
  S/Sgt Brown, W.J.
  S/Sgt McGuire, J.J.
  2  669th                   
  43-22301  2A-O  A-26B
  Lt Robertson, R.B.
  S/Sgt Cheney, M.W.
  3  669th                   
  43-22300  2A-P  A-26B
  Lt DuBose, M.W.
  Sgt Walters, J.H.
  4  669th                   
  43-22292  2A-H  A-26B
  Maj Napier, J.G.
  Cpl Richardson, L.L.
  [Returned Early Lost Formation No Sortie]
  5  668th                   
  41-39233  5H-F  A-26B
  Lt VanRope, R.W.
  Cpl Graham, R.F.
  [Returned Early Lost Formation No Sortie]
  6  670th                   
  43-22296  F6-D  A-26B
  Lt VanMeter, G.C.
  Cpl Kirik, S.J.
  [Returned Early Lost Formation No Sortie]

Box I
  SPARE  670th               
  41-39224  F6-E  A-26B
  Lt McBride, L.R.
  S/Sgt McKee, J.

Box II -- Flight I
  1  671st                   
  44-185  5C-G  A-20K
  Capt Marzolf, L.A.
  Lt Beck, J.T.
  Sgt Creeden, E.J.
  Sgt Davis, L.E.
  2  668th                   
  44-081  5H-P  A-20K
  Lt Andersen, C.J.
  Lt Babbage, W.
  S/Sgt Euga, P.G.
  S/Sgt Schafer, E.L.
  3  671st                   
  43-22326  5C-W  A-26B
  Lt Remiszewski, A.
  Sgt DiOrio, F.
  Lt Col McAfee, J.B.
  [McAfee (Wing)]
  4  671st                   
  41-39284  5C-C  A-26B
  Lt Zubon, M.
  S/Sgt DiMartino, A.E.
  5  671st                   
  41-39209  5C-M  A-26B
  Capt Tutt, R.J.
  Sgt Wood, W.
  [Returned Early Lost Formation No Sortie]
  6  671st                   
  41-39237  5C-D  A-26B
  Lt Mooney, S.
  Cpl Schumacher, R.C.
  [Returned Early Lost Formation No Sortie]

Box II -- Flight II
  1  670th                   
  44-173  F6-W  A-20K
  Lt Stanley, C.S.
  F/O Blount, J.H.
  Sgt Collier, C.B.
  2  668th                   
  41-39213  5H-A  A-26B
  Lt Cannon, L.E.
  S/Sgt Brzezinski, E.P.
  3  668th                   
  43-22290  5H-L  A-26B
  Lt McCready, T.D.
  S/Sgt Lemonds, W.E.
  4  668th                   
  43-22302  5H-D  A-26B
  Lt Evans, H.M.
  Sgt Skeens, C.L.
  5  668th                   
  41-39269  5H-K  A-26B
  Lt Prucha, L.J.
  Sgt Ferguson, L.C.
  6  668th                   
  41-39219  5H-E  A-26B
  Lt Buchanan, R.C.
  Sgt Hindman, R.G.

Box II -- Flight III
  1  670th                   
  41-39212  F6-K  A-26B
  Maj Conant, H.F.
  Sgt Langley, T.R.
  2  670th                   
  41-39217  F6-I  A-26B
  Lt Leonard, T.J.
  S/Sgt Dias, M.E.
  3  670th                   
  43-22315  F6-L  A-26B
  Lt Gruetzemacher, R.O.
  S/Sgt Jackson, W.S.
  4  670th                   
  43-22307  F6-N  A-26B
  Lt Johnson, E.L.
  T/Sgt Goggin, J.F.
  5  670th                   
  41-39227  F6-F  A-26B
  Lt Merritt, T.S.
  S/Sgt Gatti, R.J.
  6  670th                   
  41-39223  F6-B  A-26B
  Lt Brown, N.G.
  S/Sgt Ottaviano, J.O.

Box II
  SPARE  671st               
  41-39234  5C-P  A-26B
  Capt Moore, Z.R.
  S/Sgt Swank, O.E.
  [Returned Early Lost Formation No Sortie]

Box II -- Flight WINDOW
  1  670th                   
  44-614  F6-A  A-20K
  Capt Harrold, F.J.
  Lt Brewer, W.E.
  Sgt Caudell, S.R.
  Sgt Urbanicio, F.R.
  [Window Ships Did Not Cross Bomb Line]
  2  671st                   
  44-560  5C-X  A-20K
  Lt Merchant, W.A.
  S/Sgt Davis, H.R.
  Sgt Skelton, T.W.
  [Window Ships Did Not Cross Bomb Line]
  3  668th                   
  43-9444  5H-J  A-20J
  Capt Jackson, C.R.
  S/Sgt Burns, D.E.
  Cpl Torres, I.
  [Window Ships Did Not Cross Bomb Line]

Group and Unit Histories

Mission # 168 -- December 9, 1944, Saturday AM
Saarwellingen, Germany -- Defended Village

"416th Bombardment Group (L) - Group History 1944"
Transcribed from USAF Archives

Two missions were flown on the 9th. In the morning, using PPF, the town of Saarwellin was attacked. Lt. Col Willetts and Capt. Marzolf led the boxes. Results were unobserved, however, because of the solid cloud cover.

"Attack Bombers, We Need You! A History of the 416th Bomb Group"
Ralph Conte
Pages 175 - 176

Mission #168 - 9 December - AM - Saarwellengen Supply Depot. This area was well equipped with heavy artillery and means to deter any Allied Forces, situated a little over a mile away, from advancing. Unfortunately, a heavy cloud cover prevented eye contact with the target, so bombing was done by PFF Pathfinders. The weather was extremely cold, with some icing forming on our planes, interfering with flying under ideal conditions. Not long after our formation took off from A-55, an armada of heavies flew over our base on the way to Germany. The temperature up there must have been well below zero temperature, since condensation trails followed the big boys, in an illustrious pattern against the blue sky. A treat to see, but the German flak gunners could also see them and gave a good aiming point for their experienced men to cut their fuses with accuracy. The formation of heavies was so great, it took over 20 minutes for all the planes to pass overhead. On our mission our bombers let their bombs go through clouds, with unobserved results. Lt. Col. Willetts and Lt. Royalty BN led this mission with Captain Marzolf and Lt. Beck, BN leading a flight.

"Operational History 668th Bomb Squadron (416th Bomb Group (L)) WWII"
Wayne Williams, et.al.

We were fortunate today in accomplishing two missions. The formation took off this morning at 0900, marking Group Mission # 168. The sky overhead was blue and cold, with unlimited ceiling. After our planes had departed on their assignment, we beheld an awe-inspiring scene. Wave upon wave of heavy bombers, escorted by fighters, passed over the field at high altitude. Each plane left a "vapor trail" in its wake making a beautiful lacy pattern against the blue sky. This is deadly as well as beautiful, as it is a dead give-away to enemy ack-ack gunners. The formation paused over for at least twenty minutes, and an estimate of strength was made at over 500.

From this squadron came six crews, to form a flight, and it was led by B/N Team of Andersen & Babbage. Flying in flight formation were; Ltís Evans, Cannon, McCready, Prucha, and Buchanan.

Using PFF bombing technique, the target to feel the weight and destruction of our missiles was the defended locality of Saarwellington, Germany. A enemy supply point her, defended by heavy German Artillery fire, which pinned down movement of an American Infantry division nearby, was struck with force. The bombing was done from over 13,000 feet, and 153 x 500 lb. GPís were dropped.

The results "undetermined" as no photo coverage or visual observation were possible due to clouds. All planes returned to the base unharmed, logging 3:00.

"670th Bombardment Squadron (L) History"
Transcription from USAF Archives

The following day, 9 December, two missions were flown, both using pathfinder technique. The morning mission was an attack on the town of Saarwellin in which seven of our crews participated. Results were unobserved. In the afternoon the defended village of Dilsburg was the target. Pathfinder equipment failure prevented the fulfillment of the mission so no attack was made. Visual bombing could not be tried because of heavy cloud cover over the target area.

"671st Bomb Squadron (L) Unit History"
Gordon Russell and Jim Kerns

Bombing with the aid of pathfinders only a short distance in front of Third Army doughboys, the 416th attacked Saarwellingen, a supply point defended by heavy German artillery fire which has pinned down movement of an American infantry division only 3,500 yards away. Solid overcast and icing conditions made the mission a rough one, and several of the aircraft failed to bomb. No photo coverage or visual observation was possible due to the 10/10 clouds.

[December 9, 1944], HQ Twelfth Army Group situation map

Map showing Western Allies and Axis troop position details in Western Europe
as of approximately 1200 hours, December 9, 1944
World War II Military Situation Maps Collection
Library of Congress

Previous Mission # 167            Mission List            Next Mission # 169

Return to Table of Contents